Can you identify one experience that changed your entire view of the world around you? Henry Fleming, the main character in The Red Badge of Courage , begins his life-changing adventure as a naive young man, eager to experience the glory of war. He soon faces the truth about life, war, and his own self-identity on the battlefield, however. The Red Badge of Courage , by Stephen Crane , is a coming of age novel , published by D. Appleton and Company in 1895, about thirty years after the Civil War ended. In this book, the author reveals the ugliness of war and examines its relationship to the pain of growing up.