In 2007, members of the Annapolis Group discussed a letter to college presidents asking them not to participate in the US News "reputation survey".  A majority of the approximately 80 presidents at the meeting agreed not to participate,  although the statements were not binding.  Members pledged to develop alternative web-based information formats  in conjunction with several collegiate associations.  US News responded that their peer assessment survey helps them measure a college's "intangibles" such as the ability of a college's reputation to help a graduate win a first job or entrance into graduate school.  An article by Nicholas Thompson in Washington Monthly criticized the . News rankings as "confirming the prejudices of the meritocracy" by tuning their statistical algorithms to entrench the reputations of a handful of schools, while failing to measure how much students learn.  Thompson described the algorithms as being "opaque enough that no one outside the magazine can figure out exactly how they work, yet clear enough to imply legitimacy."