Plan B: Use Plan B if you have only a few, larger similarities or differences. After your introduction, in the next paragraph discuss one similarity or difference in BOTH works or characters, and then move on in the next paragraph to the second similarity or difference in both, then the third, and so forth, until you're done. If you are doing both similarities and differences, juggle them on scrap paper so that in each part you put the less important first ("X and Y are both alike in their social positions . ."), followed by the more important ("but X is much more aware of the dangers of his position than is Y"). In this format, the comparing or contrasting goes on in EACH of the middle parts.
The point by point comparison essay format requires the writer to carefully maintain smooth transition on the discussion between the two alternatives in order not to mislead the readers. Consistency and linking statements should be utilized to facilitate a more effective discussion of the topic. Point by point comparison essay format is recommended when the writer can observe key ideas which interrelates the two alternatives. Point by point comparison essay format easily highlights the similarities and difference because the alternatives are discussed side by side. It also produces a more cohesive and logical composition.