6. Which of the animals does most of the heavy labor and adopts the motto :Ï will work harder"? Boxer
7. Boxer, who believes that he has unintentionally killed a stable boy in the chaos, expresses his regret at taking a life, even though it is a human one. Snowball tells him not to feel guilty, asserting that “the only good human being is a dead one.”
8. After the banishment of Snowball, the animals learn that Napoleon supports the windmill project
pigs begin living in the farmhouse, and rumor has it that they e... Read more →
Food Evolution - Documentary & Discussion
7:00 PM – Great Hall, Memorial Union - Narrated by Neil deGrasse Tyson, Food Evolution wrestles with the emotions and the evidence driving one of the most heated arguments of our time: GMOs and food. Traveling from Hawaiian papaya groves, to banana farms in Uganda to the cornfields of Iowa, the film looks at the polarized debate on GMOs and the fear, distrust and confusion surrounding the topic. It enlists such experts and icons as Mark Lynas, Alison Van Eenennaam, Jeffrey Smith, Andrew Kimbrell, Vandana Shiva, Robert Fraley, Marion Nestle and Bill Nye, as well as farmers and scientists from around the world, in an effort to separate the hype from the science and unravel the debate around food. Alison Van Eenennaam , Professor and Extension Animal Genomics and Biotechnology Specialist at University of California, Davis, will provide brief opening remarks and lead a discussion immediately following the 90-minute film.
Jonson’s autograph version of Martial’s epigram , which is found among the Alleyn papers in Dulwich College (JnB 319), is also a highly unusual case. The edges of the sheet have been gilded, which may suggest again that it was a presentation copy. The watermark is once more of the G 3 and draped flag kind (I am grateful to Henry Woudhuysen for these observations). The sheet also contains the text of ‘Wotton’s Character of a Happy Life’, which is generally dated 1612-13 (see Main, 1955 and Pebworth, 1978 ; the date is also discussed in Smith, 1907 , and -30), which would make this poem rather later than the other works which Jonson transcribed onto this stock of paper. The combination of the two poems on a single sheet may indicate that it was compiled to mark a particular occasion: it is known that Alleyn retired from the theatre some time before 1612 (Heywood, Apology , sig. E2v), which might indicate that Jonson chose this combination of poems to mark the occasion of Alleyn’s retirement. This autograph manuscript, however, is of vital significance, since it provides evidence that Jonson could copy, unascribed, versions of poems by friends on similar themes to poems by his own hand. This may explain how poems by Donne, Wotton, and Godolphin found their way into The Underwood . In the case of the Martial translation there is no other manuscript or printed version, and so here any edition must be based on the autograph. H&S decided to print the poem as Und. 90. There is no basis for doing this, since the poem does not appear in F2; it is best regarded as a free-standing work which Jonson sent to a friend, and then forgot or lost. Here, as in the other cases already discussed, the social framework within which Jonson constructed and presented his autographs plays a crucial part in determining the versions which they contain. These social determinants make the autograph poems different kinds of performance from the printed versions, many of which show revision for print. For this reason it is rarely appropriate to edit Jonson’s poems from the surviving autographs.